(law) compensation for losses that can readily be proven to have occurred and for which the injured party has the right to be compensated
- We the jury find for the plaintiff and award actual damages in the amount of one million dollars.
- Liability as between the parties is limited to actual damage suffered. Punitive damages (i.e. damages intended to punish a party for its outrageous conduct) are specifically excluded.
- Recognition or enforcement of a judgment may be refused if, and to the extent that, the judgment awards damages, including exemplary or punitive damages, that do not compensate a party for actual loss or harm suffered.
- As an alternative, for example where it would be difficult to determine the amount of the actual prejudice suffered, the amount of the damages might be derived from elements such as the royalties or fees which would have been due if the infringer had requested authorisation to use the intellectual property right in question.
- Member States shall ensure that the competent judicial authorities, on application of the injured party, order the infringer who knowingly, or with reasonable grounds to know, engaged in an infringing activity, to pay the rightholder damages appropriate to the actual prejudice suffered by him/her as a result of the infringement.
- As an alternative, for example where it would be difficult to determine the amount of the actual prejudice suffered, the amount of the damages might be derived from elements such as the royalties or fees which would have been due if the infringer had requested authorisation to use the intellectual property right in question. The aim is not to introduce an obligation to provide for punitive damages but to allow for compensation based on an objective criterion while taking account of the expenses incurred by the rightholder, such as the costs of identification and research.
- In those circumstances, the judgment of the Court of Appeal of Rouen confirmed the judgment of the Evreux labour court and thus ordered the company Aspocomp Group Oyj, which had 99 % control of the management of its subsidiary, to pay: (i) the employees affected by the company-level agreement, the entire compensation and additional payments provided for in that agreement alone, as well as damages for redundancy without actual and serious basis and (ii) the employees laid off under the voluntary liquidation of Aspocomp equivalent payments given that, by not meeting the commitments made, the parent company had acted unfairly and in a culpably thoughtless manner.