- braindrain, hersenemigratie
- depletion or loss of intellectual and technical personnel
- This country suffers from brain drain.
- Implementation of this recommendation should not encourage a brain drain from emerging economies or developing countries.
- Implementation of this Directive should not encourage a brain drain from emerging or developing countries.
- In its evaluation of the programme, the Commission should pay particular attention to its potential brain-drain effects.
- The activity will include measures to counter the risk of ‘brain drain’ from developing countries and emerging economies and measures to create networks of European researchers working abroad.
- Specific reporting provisions should be provided for to monitor the implementation of this Directive, with a view to identifying and possibly counteracting its possible impacts in terms of ‘brain drain’ in developing countries and in order to avoid ‘brain waste’.
- Special measures to encourage early-stage researchers and support early stages of scientific career, as well as measures to reduce the ‘brain drain’, such as reintegration grants, will be introduced.
- Special measures to encourage early-stage researchers and support the early stages of scientific careers', as well as measures to reduce ‘brain drain’, such as reintegration grants, will be introduced.
- These should be strengthened by the development and application of mechanisms, guidelines and other tools to facilitate, as appropriate, circular and temporary migration, as well as other measures that would minimise negative and maximise positive impacts of highly skilled immigration on developing countries in order to turn ‘brain drain’ into ‘brain gain’.
- Enhancing the quality of European higher education, promoting understanding between peoples as well as contributing to the sustainable development of higher education in third countries whilst avoiding the brain-drain and favouring vulnerable groups are the objectives of a higher education cooperation programme aimed at third countries.
- fostering the links between migration and development, especially by encouraging the contribution of diasporas to the development of their country of origin and increasing the value of migrants' return; mitigating brain drain and promoting the circular movement of skilled migrants; facilitating financial transfers of migrants to their country of origin; supporting voluntary return and reintegration of migrants and building capacities for migration management; fostering capacity building efforts to help countries in the formulation of pro-development migration policies and in their capacity to jointly manage migration flows;