any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
- An epidemic disease broke out.
- Harmonised and enhanced emergency surveillance measures were put in place in close collaboration by Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to control the epidemic by carrying out epidemiological surveys and disease surveillance measures, including laboratory tests for serological and virological surveillance and entomological surveillance.
- As this new epidemic situation poses a serious risk of evolution towards a pandemic influenza, the World Health Organization has identified the disease caused by that virus as a public health emergency of international concern in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005).
- Following the outbreak of a very serious epidemic of avian influenza, caused by a highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus strain, in in many countries in south-eastern Asia starting in December 2003, the Commission adopted several protection measures in relation to avian influenza, taking into account that this disease also poses a significant risk to public health.
- A number of outbreaks of FMD reported since 1992, in particular in parts of the Community adjacent to endemically infected third countries, and a major epidemic in certain Member States in 2001 necessitate a high level of disease awareness and preparedness, including international cooperation.
- Other measures were put in place by Portugal in collaboration with Spain to control the epidemic by carrying out epidemiological surveys and disease surveillance measures, including laboratory tests for serological and virological surveillance in the framework of pre-movement testing of animals and entomological surveillance.
- ‘threat to public health’ means any disease with epidemic potential as defined by the International Health Regulations of the World Health Organisation and other infectious diseases or contagious parasitic diseases if they are the subject of protection provisions applying to nationals of the Member States.
- A number of outbreaks of FMD reported since 1992 in particular in parts of the Community adjacent to endemically infected countries and a major epidemic in certain Member States in 2001 are calling for a high level of disease awareness and preparedness, including international cooperation.
- The Member State concerned shall also qualify for a Community financial contribution where, on the outbreak of one of the diseases listed in paragraph 1, two or more Member States collaborate closely to control the epidemic, particularly in carrying out an epidemiological survey and disease surveillance measures.
- Bluetongue is a disease transmitted exclusively by ‘mosquitoes’, therefore the only measures which are apposite, of all those provided for in Article 3(2) of Decision 90/424/EEC, are those aimed either at protecting animals against attacks from the vectors (treatment with insecticides, confining the animals indoors at the times when the vectors are active) or at preventing the spread of the epidemic through movements of animals (Decision 2005/393/EC).