Betekenis van:

to realign
    • align anew or better
    "The surgeon realigned my jaw after the accident"




    1. 358/1997 with a view to examining the various schemes for companies to revaluate or realign the value of their capital assets.
    2. In case the stocks had been contributed or exchanged with other companies without cash realisation, such latter companies could also realign the value of the stocks exchanged.
    3. For Italy, this flexibility would be highly valuable for the beneficiary companies as these could have opted to realign the sole assets being depreciable and not those whose sale gave rise to non-exempt gains.
    4. The Commission considered it necessary to describe the framework set by the above described Merger Directive and D.Lgs. 358/1997 with a view to examining the various schemes for companies to revaluate or realign the value of their capital assets.
    5. In particular, Italy argues that Article 2(25) of Law 350/2003 would have implicitly allowed all companies having taken part to company reorganisations to benefit from the possibility to realign the value of their assets.
    6. By payment of the 19 % capital gain tax, both the companies holding the banking assets, and the companies holding the stock of the companies in question could realign their tax bases, respectively, of the assets and of the stocks concerned.
    7. The Italian authorities and the interested parties have observed that none of the nine beneficiaries of the scheme would have ever accepted to realign the value of their assets had they known that they would have been subject to the ordinary company tax on the gains so recognised.
    8. The capital gain tax was however reduced to 15 % (in lieu of the 19 % substitute tax), if the banking company elected to only realign the tax value of its assets, rather than both the value of the assets and of the stock.
    9. The interested parties also claim that there would be no specific advantage in favour of the restructured banks, should one compare the substitute tax paid to realign their gains and the tax payable by other companies having undergone similar tax-neutral reorganisations.
    10. Furthermore, Italy considers that the realignment scheme of Article 2(26) of Law 350/2003 was less flexible as it provided to opt for the realignment of all the remaining gains resulting from the historic reorganisation, while the implicit realignment scheme of Article 2(25) provided for the possibility to realign the single assets registering an inherent gain.
    11. The main purpose of the revised plan is to realign the 2005 figures with the budget presented after the initial plan, so the activity forecast for 2005 has been revised, the €/$ exchange rate has been adapted to the present situation, and the rate of implementation of the economic measures has been readjusted in line with what has been achieved.
    12. The Commission considers in particular that the tax scheme in review provided an advantage represented by the difference between the tax effectively paid to realign the value of the assets and the tax which would have been normally paid if the same realignment would have been made in the absence of the same Article 2(26) of Law 350/2003.
    13. Such difference would total a fraction of the tax on the revaluation made and should even be reduced by the tax in excess paid to realign assets that do not give rise to taxable gains if sold (assets the transfer of which gives rise to exempt capital gains).
    14. In parallel to the realignment of the assets and shares exchanged in the described banking reorganisations, Article 19 of Law 342/2000 provided that the same substitute capital gain tax could be paid by the companies willing to realign the tax bases of the assets and shares held following any other company reorganisations which benefited from the tax neutrality regime pursuant to the said D.Lgs. 358/1997.
    15. The Commission therefore concludes that the possibility to realign was a general tax measure and the reduced substitute tax as opposed to the ordinary company tax applicable at the time did not provide any competitive advantage to the companies in question because it was applied under identical conditions to all undertakings choosing to recognise the historical gains realised but temporarily non-recognised under the relevant provisions of Law 218/1990 or Legislative Decree 358/1997.