Betekenis van:
respiratory disease


  1. She suffers from a respiratory disease.
  2. Regular dental examinations and respiratory disease preventive measures are of particular importance in equine programmes.
  3. AI virus infections in pigs are usually restricted to the respiratory tract and samples must be respiratory tract tissues and, if appropriate, oropharyngeal or nasal swabs, preferably taken from pigs showing signs of that disease.
  4. low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses, which cause a mild, primarily respiratory, disease in poultry, unless there is exacerbation by other co-infections or factors.
  5. At one extreme, the clinical signs of the disease seen may be inapparent or slight, producing only mild respiratory signs or egg production problems in laying birds.
  6. The project proposals on disease prevention should focus on developing guidelines and best practice recommendations for addressing the main public health diseases, such as cancer, diabetes and respiratory diseases, building on existing work.
  7. In indoor enclosures, buildings should be designed with sufficient ventilation to prevent prolonged periods of high humidity, as this may cause excessive dampness in the animal enclosures, predisposing the animals to respiratory disease, foot-rot and other infectious conditions.
  8. Development of an environment and health information system through increased linkage of data, pilot studies for joint surveillance of environment and health variables; local environment and health intervention studies that include socio-economic characterisation; studies on possible environmental causes of (respiratory and cardiovascular) disease, studies on the health effects of long-term and combined low-level exposure to environmental stressors; improvement of the quality of mortality and morbidity data related to respiratory and cardiovascular disease; exposure-response functions, co-morbidity and early warning based on pattern detection;
  9. Translational research in major diseases — cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes/obesity; rare diseases; other chronic diseases including arthritis, rheumatic and musculo-skeletal diseases and respiratory diseases, including those induced by allergies: to develop patient-oriented strategies from prevention to diagnosis with particular emphasis on treatment, including clinical research and the use of active ingredients.
  10. The effects related to long-term exposure include: increases in lower respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, reductions in lung function in children and adults, and reduction in life expectancy, due mainly to cardiopulmonary mortality and probably to lung cancer.
  11. At one extreme, the clinical signs of the disease seen may be inapparent or slight, producing only mild respiratory signs or egg production problems in laying birds. At the other extreme, infections with LPAI viruses may be associated with severe clinical signs of the disease, especially in turkeys, usually with rales, coughing, swelling of the infraorbital sinuses and a febrile condition associated with loss of appetite and with high mortality.
  12. “therapeutic treatment” shall mean the administering — under Article 4 of this Directive — to an individual farm animal of an authorised substance to treat, after examination by a veterinarian, a fertility problem — including the termination of unwanted gestation — and, in the case of beta-agonists, to induce tocolysis in cows when calving as well as to treat respiratory problems, navicular disease and laminitis and to induce tocolysis in equidae;’.